Eczema is a condition where in patches of the skin become itchy, cracked, inflamed and rough. Some types can also cause blisters. Also there are different types and stages of eczema. And it affect 31.6 million people in the United States, which is over 10% of the population.
Atopic dermatitis is the most common (chronic) and tends to flare periodically. It usually accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
No cure has been found for atopic dermatitis. But treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks. For example, it helps to avoid harsh soaps, moisturize your skin regularly, and apply medicated creams or ointments.
Types and Symptoms
1. Atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. “Dermatitis” refers to a condition of the skin and “atopic” relates to diseases caused by allergic reactions. It usually starts in childhood, and often gets milder or goes away by adulthood.
Atopic dermatitis is what doctors call the atopic triad. “Triad” means 3. The other two diseases in the triad are Asthma and Hay Fever. Many people with atopic dermatitis have all three conditions.
- the rash often forms in the creases of your elbows or knees
- skin in areas where the rash appears may turn lighter or darker, or get thicker
- small bumps may appear and leak fluid if you scratch them
- babies often get the rash on their scalp and cheeks
- your skin can get infected if you scratch it
2. Contact dermatitis
If you have a red irritated skin that is caused by a reaction to substances you touched, you may have contacted dermatitis
- your skin itches, turns red, burns, and stings itchy bumps called hives may pop up on your skin
- fluid-filled blisters can form that may ooze and crust over time, the skin may thicken and feel scaly or leathery
Neurodermatitis is a skin condition that starts with itching. Scratching makes it even itchier. This cycle causes the affected skin to become thick and leathery.
And you may develop several itchy spots, typically on the neck, wrists, forearms, legs or anal region.
- An itchy skin patch or patches.
- Leathery or scaly texture on the affected areas.
- A raised, rough patch or patches that are red or darker than the rest of your skin.
Dyshidrotic causes small, intensely itchy blisters on the sole of feet, palm of your hand and edges of the fingers and toes. While the actual cause of dyshidrotic is unknown,
However it is more common in people who have another form of eczema and tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic component.
- Small, firm blisters on the sides of fingers, palms of hands, and soles of feet.
- Itchy, scaly skin at or around blisters.
- Pain at or around blisters.
- Sweating heavily around areas of skin affected by blisters.
- Dry, cracked skin that appears as blisters fade.
5. Nummular dermatitis
Nummular is a condition that causes coin-shaped rashes or sores to develop on the skin. These spots are often itchy and well-defined. They may gush clear fluid or become dry and crusty.
- coin-shaped lesions on arms, legs, torso and/or hands.
- itching and burning.
- lesions that are oozing liquid or have crusted over.
- red, pinkish or brown, scaly and inflamed skin around the lesions.
6. Seborrheic dermatitis
Seborrheic is a skin condition that causes scaly patches and red skin, mainly on the scalp. And it can also occur on oily areas of the body, such as the face, upper chest and back.
- Skin flakes (dandruff) on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache.
- Patches of greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales or crust on the scalp, face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, chest, armpits, groin area or under the breasts.
- Red skin.
7. Stasis dermatitis
Stasis dermatitis is caused by skin inflammation in the lower legs caused by fluid build-up due to varicose veins, circulation issues or heart disease.
- Pain areas: in the leg
- Skin: rashes, darkening of the skin, blister, discoloured and thick skin on legs, dryness, scaly rashes, ulcers, varicose veins, or redness
- swelling or itching
The specific cause remains unknown, but many health professionals believe that it develops due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Children are more likely to develop eczema if a parent has it or another atopic condition. If both parents have any other atopic condition, the risk is even higher.
Some environmental factors can bring out the symptoms of eczema. These factors include:
- Irritants: These include soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, juices from fresh fruits, meats, and vegetables.
- Allergens: Dust mites, pets, pollens, and mold can all lead to it. This is known as allergic eczema.
- Microbes: These include bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, and certain fungi.
- Hot and cold temperatures: Very hot and very cold weather, high and low humidity, and perspiration from exercise can bring it out.
- Foods: Dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products, and wheat can cause flares.
- Stress: This is not a direct cause, but it can make the symptoms worse.
- Hormones: Females may experience increased symptoms when their hormone levels are changing, such as during pregnancy and at certain points in the menstrual cycle.
Picture Of Eczema
The following tips may help prevent bouts of dermatitis (flares) and minimize the drying effects of bathing:
1. Aloe vera gel and Apple cider vinegar: Moisturize your skin at least twice a day. Creams, ointments and lotions seal in moisture. Choose a product or products that work well for you. Using petroleum jelly on your baby’s skin may help prevent development of atopic dermatitis.
Try to identify and avoid triggers that worsen the condition. Things that can worsen the skin reaction include sweat, stress, obesity, soaps, detergents, dust and pollen. Reduce your exposure to your triggers.Infants and children may experience flares from eating certain foods, including eggs, milk, soy and wheat. Talk with your child’s doctor about identifying potential food allergies.
Take shorter baths or showers. Limit your baths and showers to 10 to 15 minutes. And use warm, rather than hot, water.
Take a bleach bath. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends considering a bleach bath to help prevent flares. A diluted-bleach bath decreases bacteria on the skin and related infections. Add 1/2 cup (118 milliliters) of household bleach, not concentrated bleach, to a 40-gallon (151-liter) bathtub filled with warm water. Measures are for a U.S.-standard-sized tub filled to the overflow drainage holes.Soak from the neck down or just the affected areas of skin for about 10 minutes. Do not submerge the head. Take a bleach bath not more than twice a week.
Use only gentle soaps. Choose mild soaps. Deodorant soaps and antibacterial soaps can remove more natural oils and dry your skin.
Dry yourself carefully. After bathing gently pat your skin dry with a soft towel and apply moisturizer while your skin is still damp.