Hypertension Review

Hypertension has been a major problem in our world today cause it kills over 7.5 million people yearly. And about 12.8% of the total human mortality. Similarly, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) states that 35% adults have been estimated to have a persistently high blood pressure, which makes it one in every three adults. But there are ways in which you can control it.

Definition

Hypertension is when you have persistent high blood pressure over a long period of time. Blood pressure is the force in which the heart pumps blood into various parts of the body by circulating it against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body.

Blood pressure reading is written like this: 120/80. It’s read as “120 over 80.” Though the causes of is not yet know, there are things that triggers it and they are called risk factors

Obesity: Having obesity is having excess body fat. Having obesity or overweight also means your heart must work harder to pump blood and oxygen around your body. Over time, this can add stress to your heart and blood vessels.

Too Much Alcohol: Too much intake of alcohol can increase the chance of you having high blood pressure.

Tobacco use: Too much Tobacco consumption increases your chance of having high blood pressure. Moreover, smoking can damage the heart and blood vessels.

Nicotine raises blood pressure, and breathing in carbon monoxide—which is produced from smoking tobacco—reduces the amount of oxygen that your blood can carry.

Genetics and Family History: the passing on of mental or physical characteristics genetically through genes is called heredity. However, it is also likely that people with family history related to high BP stand the chance of having it.

Other Rick Factors

There’s no gender roll when it comes to high blood pressure. Some other characteristics that you cannot control—such as your age, race, or ethnicity—can affect your risk for high blood pressure.

  • Age. Because your blood pressure tends to rise as you get older, your risk for high blood pressure increases with age. About 9 out of 10 Americans will develop high blood pressure during their lifetime.2
  • Sex. Women are about as likely as men to develop high blood pressure at some point during their lives.
  • Race or ethnicity. Black people develop high blood pressure more often than white people, Hispanics, Asians, Pacific Islanders, American Indians, or Alaska Natives do. Compared with white people, black people also develop high blood pressure earlier in life.

Types Of Hypertension

Primary (essential) and Secondary hypertension this are the major type others are Malignant Hypertension and Resistant Hypertension . For most adults, there’s no identifiable cause of high BP. It tends to develop gradually over the year. And is called primary (essential) hypertension.

Secondary hypertension

This type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension. Various conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Thyroid problems
  • Certain defects you’re born with (congenital) in blood vessels
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugs
  • Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
Control
  1. Lose extra pounds and watch your waistline.
  2. Exercise regularly.
  3. Eat a healthy diet.
  4. Reduce sodium in your diet.
  5. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink.
  6. Quit smoking.
  7. Cut back on caffeine.
  8. Reduce your stress.

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